Introduction to Robotics and Its Types

Today it is a certainty that the robot revolution has been launched. But what are really these machines which sometimes look amazing? Why is this technology of robots also present in our daily life? What are the real uses?

What is a Robot?

A robot is a device that combines mechanics, electronics and computers. It has a skeleton with one or more limbs and a computer that acts like a brain. The word “robot” comes from a Czech drama in which appeared an artificial worker employed for “forced labor,” designated in Czech by “robota.”

Robots are built to perform dangerous and painful tasks and sometimes even simple for humans. The advantage is that they perform these different tasks in a more precise way and do it autonomously. Since the 70s, robots have become mobile, have an embedded computer, have a camera and, most importantly, they are able to reason.

To date, Japan is the leading country in the industrial robotics (robotics) race. There is a lot of talk about android robots – that is robots built like human beings. We have seen robots like these in Hollywood movies such as Terminator.

What is Robotics?

Robotics is a multidisciplinary activity aimed at the study, design and construction of robots or simply automatic machines. His practice brings together technical know-how and scientific knowledge in the fields of electronics, computer science and mechanics.

The 3 Factors that Define a Robot

Three Essential Elements Constitute a Robot :

  • The robots interact with the physical world via sensors and actuators.
  • Robots are usually autonomous or semi-autonomous. They can be powered by solar energy, electric, or by a battery.
  • The robots are programmable. They work by following the instructions given by a computer. But for them to obey, a human had to inform the computer of the instructions to provide and when to execute them.

Some scientists say that a robot must be able to think and make decisions. Asking a robot to think would suggests that it has some level of artificial intelligence or robotic thinking.

Applications of Robotics

Robotics is used in many areas, and the resulting variations or orientations are listed below:

  • Industrial Robotics
  • Domestic Robotics
  • Scientific Robotics
  • Educational Robotics
  • Medical Robotics
  • Military Robotics
  • Recreational Robotics
  • Service Robotics
  • Transportation Robotics

The Many Types of Robots

Robots are used in many areas, the most Important of which are :

1. Industry

Industrial robots, particularly in the automotive industry, are used extensively for painting, welding, assembly, repair and inspection of finished work. They are also there to carry heavy and/or dangerous parts.

2. Space Exploration:

Since 1970 (Lunokhod 1), scientists have sent robots into space to explore the solar system.

3. Medicine

Robots in healthcare Industry can operate and diagnose a patient. They are also there to help patients with reduced mobility or patients with serious illness (robots allow these patients to participate, for example, in their courses).

4. Military

These are robots created for military purposes. They are autonomous and remotely controlled by the soldiers.

5. Home

Domestic robots are there to help individuals in their household chores (vacuum cleaners, lawn mowers).

Conclusion

There are some concerns about increasing use of robotics in industry. Many are afraid that robots may replace humans in the workplace resulting in mass unemployment. But experts say that by and large these fears are largely unfounded. Before the robots replace humans learn Robotics at Our After School Programs at Aerobotics global to build up Bright future in robotics.

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